Danskammer Threatens Valley’s Health and Environmental Justice

The proposed fracked-gas plant expansion would hurt communities of color — and harm air quality along the Hudson and beyond.

By Arvind Dilawar

Back in 2019, the New York State Legislature passed the Climate Leadership and Community Protection Act, mandating a decline in greenhouse gas emissions throughout the state. In light of the legislation, the proposed expansion of Danskammer, a fracked-gas power plant in Newburgh, Orange County, which is still being mulled over by state environmental agencies, would likely be the last of its kind in New York.

The existing Danskammer power plant, a “peaker” facility that runs only a handful of peak-demand days per year. (Photo: Tyler Blodgett / Scenic Hudson)

That an expansion has been proposed for Danskammer, while the rest of the state is looking forward to clean, renewable energy, is not a coincidence to people like Rev. Gregory Simpson, co-founder of the Hudson Valley Environmental Justice Coalition. “We already know that fracked gas generation produces harmful toxicants both to the atmosphere and to the environment,” Simpson says. “My community, a BIPOC [Black, Indigenous, people of color] community specifically, we stand much more to lose because of our localization where we find ourselves living, the types of access we have or don’t have to safe and healthy environments.”

Maria Ramirez, co-founder and program director of the Newburgh LGTBQ+ Center, which supports the local queer community, is also dismayed at the proposal. “In a time when folks are trying to go as green as possible, and you’re trying to propose something that’s not a very green option,” says Ramirez, “it is strategic to place it in a working-class, poor neighborhood — especially a neighborhood that’s also predominantly people of color and has a huge undocumented community.”

Rev. Gregory Simpson speaks to why he opposes the proposed Danskammer expansion. (Video: Tyler Blodgett / Scenic Hudson)

The contradiction between New York State’s purported commitment to renewable energy and its potential approval of the Danskammer expansion falls into a longstanding pattern of industrial development at the expense of disenfranchised people that goes far beyond the state. But environmental justice advocates like Simpson, Ramirez, and Scenic Hudson are intent on breaking that pattern regionally and defeating Danskammer, relegating the power plant to the past, rather than living with its legacy.

Opened in 1951 as a coal-fired electric power plant, Danskammer today runs on fracked gas and operates at less than 5% capacity, coming online only at peak demand times. In 2018, the plant’s current owners, Danskammer Energy LLC — a subsidiary of Tiger Infrastructure Partners, a $1.5 billion multinational investment firm — submitted an application to New York State proposing to expand the facility and run it virtually nonstop. Should the state allow Danskammer’s expansion, the plant would produce greenhouse gases and other pollutants harmful to the climate and human health.

“If the new Danskammer plant is permitted to be built, it will increase local emission of several pollutants, including greenhouse gasses, but also ozone precursors such as particulate matter, volatile organic compounds, and nitrogen oxides,” says Hayley Carlock, Scenic Hudson’s director of Environmental Advocacy and Legal Affairs. “What this means is that air quality in the greater Newburgh area is going to become worse.”

As a disadvantaged community made up primarily of people of color, Newburgh has not only had to bear the brunt of the old Danskammer plant, but also other environmental injustices. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, more than half of Newburgh’s residents identify as Hispanic or Latinx, nearly a quarter identify as Black, and more than a quarter fall below the poverty line. In 2016, the city was forced to abandon its water supply due to an industrial accident at nearby Stewart Air National Guard Base, which went unacknowledged for almost three decades. Residents still suffer from asthma and other respiratory illnesses at higher rates than surrounding communities, and may even be more vulnerable to COVID-19.

In order to keep from adding a newly expanded Danksammer power plant to the litany of injustices area residents, especially communities of color, have experienced, advocates from the Newburgh LGTBQ+ Center, Melanin Unchained, and Munsee Three Sisters Farm, as well as Scenic Hudson and the Stop Danskammer Coalition, are organizing residents and neighbors throughout the Hudson Valley to voice their opposition.

As part of the approval process, Danskammer needs to obtain an air permit issued by the New York Department of Environmental Conservation, which is collecting comments from the public via email and post through Sept. 13.

Submit a written comment to the DEC at DanskammerEnergy [at] dec.ny.gov. It doesn’t need to be formal or fancy — you can share in your own words why expanding this plant is the wrong direction for energy in New York State and air quality in the Hudson Valley.

For an added bonus, take a video like these explaining why New York should #StopthePlant and email it to editorial [at] scenichudson.org, and Scenic Hudson will share it with key decision-makers.

Beacon resident Mari Ann Corsica — and her pup Blakey — oppose a Danskammer expansion.
Avid hiker Jeff Binkley says expanding Danskammer is the wrong dirction for New York.
Fishkill cyclist and runner Jennifer Warren says expanding Danskammer would harm the air she and others breathe.